Bridging the digital divide for e-learning students through adaptive VLEs

digital divide e-learning adaptation customization VLE optimization

Spiteri, C., De Raffaele, C. and Smith, S., 2016, December. Bridging the digital divide for e-learning students through adaptive VLEs. In 2016 IEEE International Conference on Teaching, Assessment, and Learning for Engineering (TALE) (pp. 210-217). IEEE.


Christine Spiteri Researcher
Dr. Ing. Clifford De Raffaele Researcher
Dr. Serengul Smith Researcher


Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) are required to be highly effective and easy to use as they serve as the primary institutional portal between students and academics. There are currently a number of challenges that are caused due to the modernized digital divide, with a significant limitation being the inability of information systems to adapt to the users technological platform, broadband quality and device in use to access the online system. This paper focuses on the limitations that students encounter when accessing VLEs within Higher Educational Institutes (HEIs). This research aims to primarily review and provide critical analysis of current VLE frameworks, as well as assess restrictions based on several demographics including content adaptation and technical aspects. An algorithmic system is developed to analyze students individualistic needs, undertake adaption and personalization of the VLE, and hence ensure consistent and efficient access to academic web resources and functionalities


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